The 10,885 polling stations across the country were to remain open from 7am until 10pm, allowing voters to decide between the 29 parties and factions competing for seats in the next 120-member parliament.
Voting for IDF soldiers began Saturday evening at bases around the country, and diplomats abroad have also cast their ballots early.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s Likud party has claimed throughout the election season that there was vote tampering in the April polls.
The party tried to have cameras placed in polling stations, a call rejected by Central Election Commission Chairman Justice Hanan Melcer. Last-minute efforts by Likud to legislate for cameras in the polling stations also failed.
Instead, Melcer established a new mechanism to uphold the purity of the elections, under which some 3,000 inspectors carrying bodycams will visit all polling stations throughout the country.
The cameras will only be switched on during voting in exceptional cases and after receiving approval from the Central Election Commission, which has set up a hotline for this purpose.
Votes are cast in Israel by paper ballot only, so as to minimize the potential for cyberattacks on the electoral process.
Israeli voters must produce an ID card, a valid driving license or passport in order to cast their ballot. Voters present their identification to the people manning the relevant polling station and are handed an envelope in which to place their paper ballot. They then go behind a screen and select a slip of paper representing the party for which they wish to vote.
The slip of paper is placed in the envelope, which is then sealed and dropped into the ballot box that is supervised by election officials at each station. Voters must take care to ensure that they do not place two slips and invalidate their vote.
Throughout the night, results from the polling stations where the count has been completed will be updated on the Central Election Commission website.
The results from regular polling stations are expected by Wednesday afternoon – accounting for about 95% of the vote.
By Thursday evening, the final results are expected to be released, including for polling stations known collectively in Hebrew as “double envelopes,” where soldiers, hospital patients, inmates, women in shelters, election officials and diplomats in foreign countries cast their ballots.